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Follow important factors to overcome disaster challenges

FOR the past century, Earth has faced substantial losses from a variety of natural disasters. Among these, climatic events have been particularly devastating, accounting for 44 per cent of damage over the past 20 years, followed by floods and storms, which contributed to 28 per cent of the destruction. While most natural disasters, except earthquakes, can be predicted, humans have struggled to mitigate their impacts effectively.

Natural disasters possess immense power, significantly affecting the environments inhabited by all living beings, including humans. Given their high intelligence, humans strive to prepare as best as possible against such catastrophes. The improvement of early warning systems worldwide has led to a reduction in casualties from natural disasters. However, economic impacts remain severe. For instance, the severe cyclonic storm Nargis, which struck the Ayeyawady and Yangon regions in Myanmar in May 2008, ranks as the eighth most damaging natural disaster in global history and the most damaging one in Myanmar’s history.

While nature triggers disasters, their occurrence is independent of human efforts. Meteorological and hydrological disasters can often be forecasted, but predicting geographically based dangers like earthquakes remains challenging. Nevertheless, scientists are working diligently to forecast all types of natural disasters to save lives.

Today, countries worldwide employ early warning systems to reduce the risks and potential losses from natural disasters. These systems encompass public awareness campaigns, monitoring potential disaster developments, providing warnings, ensuring effective communication, and outlining responsibilities. However, even with efficient early warning systems, if people do not heed disaster awareness messages, the resulting losses can be catastrophic.

Natural disasters are inherently more powerful than living beings, making complete evasion impossible. Yet, humans possess the intelligence to minimize damage and mitigate casualties. Effective disaster management and public participation are crucial in overcoming these challenges. In Myanmar, particularly during the monsoon season, it is imperative for people to listen to timely weather forecasts and adhere to preparedness guidelines issued by the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology in Myanmar.

To effectively manage and mitigate the impacts of natural disasters, proper preparation of local authorities and public cooperation are essential. Embracing early warning systems and maintaining high levels of disaster awareness can significantly reduce the adverse effects of such events on society. By understanding and acting on the information provided by meteorological authorities, communities can enhance their resilience against the inevitable forces of nature.